More, and more they believed they were superior to the rest of the world. · In 1505 a Portuguese fleet bombarded the Swahili Coastal States, then Gao on the Indian coast, from which they menaced Gujarat, Calicut, and other states on the Malabar Coast. The unity of a Catholic Europe was now broken forever. Monarchs got new powers from warfare and tax collection and the France and West developed a good relationship. France and Britain were constantly at war over colonies and Prussia and Austria fought over land. A picture of the resemblance of the Iroquois Nation, showing the handshake, representing alliance. The Americas · The Spanish established a vast territorial empire in the Americas, the isolation of the Amerindians making them more susceptible to disease and easier to conquer.
Normal people also became much more receptive to scientific thinking. The divine right of kings, state and trade were no longer sacrosanct and came under repeated attack. Muslims had ousted Christian Crusaders from their toeholds in the Holy Land by 1300, and with the Ottoman seizure of Constantinople in 1453, they had captured the prestigious capital of Eastern Orthodoxy. Organized by merchants and artisans, these were groups of people who all practiced the same craft and would then form a community of workers. Ming Dynasty China: Period of cultural restoration and expansion.
Seaborne trade became increasingly attractive as passage over land routes was threatened. The Rise of the West. In Hawaii the newcomers, living from agriculture and fishing, spread widely across the islands; pigs were introduced from the Society Islands. The Renaissance, a cultural and political movement grounded in urban vitality and expanding commerce, began in Italy during the 14th century. Brought on by population growth and a quest for wealth. · Some Chinese officials opposed trade because of increased contact with people that they considered to be barbarians. Slaves were introduced for crop cultivation.
See more ideas about Ap world history, Chapter 16 and 16th century. It gave farmers new work. · Some African rulers actively sought firearms in trade, and many tested Christianity including Benin and Kongo. The earlier phases involved literary and artistic themes more friendly to the secular world than the previous religiously oriented outlook. This turn of events had a powerful effect on the Europeans and all other civilizations that they encountered. The Byzantine Empire was pressed by Ottoman Turks and finally fell with Constantinople in 1453. This kept the west politically divided and in war.
Tax revenues decreased, and Middle Eastern merchants lost ground to European competitors. Growing population outstripped food supplies, and famines were a recurrent threat after 1300. Irish to seek separation from Great Britain. Joining 13 formerly separate colonies into a new nation. Technology, especially in ironworking and timekeeping, continued to progress.
It provided the urban middle classes a new religious legitimacy for their growing role in society. Received an albino elephant from Harun al-Rashid. · Pizarro went to the Americas in 1502, and participated in the conquests of Hispaniola and in the expedition across the Isthmus of Panama. Taken down by conquistadors and plagues as well. They had inaugurated a laboratory for later European imperialism. Confucianism for the elites and Buddhism, Daoism, and Chinese gods and spirits for the commoners adequately supplied the spiritual needs of most Chinese.
Defining that the enemy was Spain or Portugal. This astounding tour is clearly the best for you! The developing scope of Italian commerce and shipping, ambitious, revenue-seeking city-states, and seamen seeking the renaissance goal for personal glory, set the stage for future expansion. He believed all of this was a dilution of the absolute monotheism of authentic Isalm. Also people thought that without slavery we would progress faster and so they supported abolition. · Conquistadors extended their explorations into North and South America in search of new treasures to loot. Biology and Chemistry advanced because of new instruments. Neither the good works of the sinner nor the sacraments of the Church had any bearing on the eternal destiny of the soul, for faith was a free gift of God.
Victims of this disease developed inflamed lymph nodes, and often died within days of contracting the disease. Fundamentally, the missionaries offered little that the Chinese really needed. This was the most diverse ecclesiastical policy implemented by Byzantine emperors. This turn of events had a powerful effect on the Europeans and all other civilizations that they encountered. He believed that Aristotle had understood and explained the workings of the world better than any thinker of any era. Manufacturing was spurred from this new form of agriculture. The most dynamic contender was western Europe.
New opportunities for imitation occurred when the rise of the large and stable Mongol Empire provided access to Asian knowledge and technology. They settled in the valley of Mexico, and made their capital in middle of a lake called Texcoco, they were very good at controlling conquered people and striking fear into places with their brutal sacrifices and their warlike reputation. The arrival of the deadly Black Death bubonic plague during the 14th century cost Europe one-third of its population. Monarchs got new powers from warfare and tax collection and the France and West developed a good relationship. The Pacific Ocean · The Polynesians originated in Asia, after island-hopping led them from Melanesia to Fiji and Tonga.
This coincided with the religious purpose of the Catholic Church because the entire attention of the universe was centered on the earth. The-European style family also was an innovation made by ordinary people. They produced new ramifications which transformed the West even more. In commerce, merchants sought out new markets. The elites no longer believed in demonic forces so they disciplined the masses.