Answer: The subjugation of one country by another leads to these kinds of political, economic, social and cultural changes is called colonisation. The Company appointed a number of government pundits. While doing so, they evicted the peasants from the area. The village headman was given the responsibility of revenue collection. He was in favour of allowing the student to explore natural creativity. Getting a good mark in the mathematics exam is not that difficult but many students didn't recognize it. Question — 7 - What were the circumstances which led to the eventual collapse of indigo production in Bengal? The amount to be paid was fixed permanently and hence the name Permanent Settlement.
We have structured the lessons in such a way that students can choose individual chapters. After you click on the subject name you will be redirected to the next page where various chapter and its detailed links are provided, click on those link and you will be able to read and save you notes and solutions. According to this, the rajas and taluqdars were recognized as zamindars and were given the responsibility of revenue collection from the peasants. The headmen were angry because they had been forced to sign indigo contract. Civics needs you to understand the various laws governing our country among other vital content.
Mahatma Gandhi thought that colonial education created a sense of inferiority in the minds of Indians. He had wrong notion about the achievements of Indians during the ancient and medieval period. The Problem of Permanent Settlement The revenue was fixed at such a high level that the zamindars found it difficult to pay. Economic benefit was one of the practical uses as pointed in the Despatch. Answer: Mahatma Gandhi thought the English education developed a sense of inferiority among Indians. Many Company officials were influenced by such ideas.
But the situation changed by the first decade of the nineteenth century. However, this system failed when Clive left India in 1767. The cultivators prepared the soil, sowed the seed and looked after the crop. This revenue would remain fixed throughout. This demand could not be met by the peasants.
While some of them favoured the European system of education, some others favoured the traditional Indian system. We can not characterize an age only through the religion of the rulers of the time. This created an enormous demand for cloth dyes. Information found in newspapers is varied, based on incidents that have happened across the country whereas; the police reports are limited and localized. Till the late nineteenth century, planters were not willing to expand the area under nij cultivation; because of above mentioned problems.
Commercial agents and officials of the Company began investing in indigo production to increase their profit. The third war was the decisive war and after this peshwa was deposed and the sent to the Northern India on a pension. This system was gradually implemented all over south India. Answer: Under the ryoti system, the indigo planters forced the ryots to sign an agreement or contract. They have worked together to provide solutions that dig deeper than just providing the right answer. But after taking the loan, the ryot was committed to grow indigo on at least 25% of his land holding.
At Vedantu, we work hard to ensure students and teachers are on the same wavelength. Question — 6 - Why did Mahatma Gandhi think that English education had enslaved Indians? If you have any problem in finding the correct answers of History Part-I Textbook then you can find here. In the subsequent 150 years, the British also persuaded or forced the cultivators to produce other crops; like jute, tea, sugarcane, cotton, wheat and rice; to be supplied to Europe. He was of the view that a new study of these texts could form the basis of future development in India. He felt that this would not only help the British learn from the Indian culture but would also help Indians rediscover their own heritage.
You can enjoy the opportunity of working with a solution book that is curated for you by experienced teachers. Ans: In 1817, James Mill, a Scottish Economist and Political Philosopher, published a book: A History of British India, in which he divided Indian History into three periods - Hindu, Muslim and British. But he was the nominal head of Bengal and actual power remained in the hands of British. Rennel was asked by Robert Clive to produce maps of Hindustan. Sometimes, they pressurized the village headmen to sign the contract on behalf of the ryots.
According to the British, writing was more important than speaking as the documents in archives and museums can be utilized for reference at a much later period whenever required for studying or debating. But indigo was preferred by the cloth dyers. Many Company officials even left their jobs to look after their indigo business. Indigo cultivation was started by the French in St Dominique in the Caribbean islands. Mahatma Gandhi visted Champaran in 1917 and began the movement against the indigo planters.